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Traumatic Brain Injury

What Is a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)?

A TBI is an injury to the tissue of your brain, often caused by sudden trauma to your head. A closed TBI is a bump or blow, where an open TBI penetrates the skull to your brain. The three classifications for a TBI are:

    • Mild, which causes temporary symptoms without a lasting impact
    • Moderate, which have physical and psychological repercussions
    • Severe, which can cause a coma or even death

Accidents can happen to anyone, but certain people are at greater risk for a TBI, including:

  • Adults aged 65 and older
  • Males, who are twice as likely to suffer a severe TBI
  • Anyone who’s had a prior TBI
  • Military service members and veterans

If you or a loved one have been diagnosed with a TBI, see a trained, experienced neurologist as soon as possible. The specialists at Premier Brain & Spine are board certified neurosurgeons with over 50 years of combined experience diagnosing and treating TBIs

What Causes a Traumatic Brain Injury?

The most common causes of TBI are from accidents or injuries. Most people protect their head with helmets or other protective gear when the risk is great, but accidents still happen. For mild cases of TBI, the leading causes include:

  • Falls, especially involving the elderly and very young
  • Motor vehicle crashes and other transportation-related injuries
  • Assaults, like being struck with an object

The causes of more severe instances of TBI include:

  • Blast injuries from concussive explosions
  • Gunshot wounds to the head
  • Fractures that force a piece of skull into your brain

Anything that causes your skull to fracture or break likely causes a TBI. Anything that forces your head to rock violently back and forth may cause a TBI. Pay attention to your symptoms and seek treatment for any head wound.

What Are the Symptoms of a Traumatic Brain Injury?

Your symptoms vary, depending on the severity of your injury. For mild cases, symptoms include:

  • Headaches
  • Momentary confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision
  • Ringing in your ears
  • Fatigue
  • Trouble concentrating or paying attention

With moderate or severe cases of TBI, you may experience symptoms such as:

  • Loss of coordination
  • Slurred speech
  • Moderate to severe nausea
  • Dilated pupils with light sensitivity
  • Weakness or numbness in your extremities
  • Inability to wake easily

The symptoms of TBI are similar to non-traumatic brain injuries, such as strokes, infections or burst blood vessels. If you experience any of these symptoms, consult a specialist. Premier Brain & Spine offers the most experienced neurosurgeons in northern New Jersey and New York.

Are There Treatments for Traumatic Brain Injury?

Brain surgeons rely on imaging tools and neurological exams to determine a diagnosis. Only then can individualized treatment begin. For a mild TBI, rest is usually recommended. Follow your doctor’s advice and don’t push yourself too hard too soon. More serious TBIs may require surgery. The neurosurgeons at the NJ spine and neuro center may recommend a craniotomy.

A severe TBI can lead to long-term physical and psychological difficulties. Visit a board-certified neurosurgeon to get the best treatment. The doctors at Premier Brain & Spine use the latest medical technology to deliver results with short recovery times whenever possible. Contact this neurosurgery and spine practice today to schedule an appointment.

Updated on Jul 27, 2022 by Dr. David Wells-Roth (Neurosurgeon) of Premier Brain & Spine

Premier Brain & Spine
10 Parsonage Rd, Suite 208A
Edison, NJ 08837
(732) 258-0190